Union Pacific Railroad at Weber Canyon, Utah

Union Pacific Railroad at Weber Canyon, Utah

Author: Unknown
Date: 1870s
Source: ARTstor

This is an image of the Union Pacific Railroad in Utah. During the timer period from the 1870’s to the 1890s, America experienced a second industrial revolution. A big contributing factor was the railroad boom. Private investment and land grants spurred their construction. They opened up new areas to commercial farming and expanded the national marker for goods. Other innovations during this time period, like the refrigerator, enhanced trains and railroads as a means for transportation, making them an even more important part of this era.
-Tarra Ghaffari


Colonization and the Ashmun Institute [Relating to Proud Shoes]




Title/Author: “Map of the Colony of Liberia on the West Coast of Africa” by Mathew Carey
Date: 1832
Source: NYPL digital gallery, New York Public Library



Title/Author: “Jehudi Ashmun” by Nathaniel Jocelyn [Painting]

Date: 1833 

Source: ARTstor






Ashmun Institute was named after Jehudi Ashmun, an agent of the African Colonization Society. Supporters of this society believed that gradual emancipation coupled with the resettlement of the freed African Americans in Liberia was the most practical solution to the slavery issue. Ashmun went on to serve as the US representative and governor to the Liberian colony from 1822 to 1828. He helped create a constitution for Liberia that enabled blacks to hold positions in the government. 

 The Institute was chartered to give theological, classical, and scientific training to African Americans, who had few opportunities for higher education, but it was ultimately a recruiting center for enterprising immigrants to the African colony (Robert Fitzgerald himself struggled with the Institute’s expectations of him — he was not sure whether or not he wanted to leave America). 

— Anna Chen

“The Man With the (Carpet) Bags”

Artist: Thomas Nast
Date: 1872
Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

This engraving demonstrates southern hostility towards northerners who moved South during the Reconstruction era. The term “carpetbaggers” implies the northerner’s haste in packing all their belongings in a suitcase and leaving their homes in order to “reap the spoils of office in the South” (Foner).

— Anna Chen

Education Among the Freedmen

Artist: Unknown
Date: 1862
Source: ARTstor

The paper discusses attempts to “integrate” former slaves into society after Lincoln’s preliminary proclamation. The text reads in part, “The various organizations throughout the country having the education of the Freedmen in charge, have provided schools for 150,000 persons…”

Elizabeth M. Tissot

The Gallant Charge of the Fifty Fourth Massachusetts (Colored) Regiment

The Gallant Charge of the Fifty Fourth Massachusetts (Colored) Regiment

Artist: Anonymous; first published by Currier & Ives
Date: 1863
Source: ARTstor

The illustration shows black Union soldiers fighting in the battle of Fort Wagner, South Carolina. The text under the image reads, “The Gallant Charge of the Fifty Fourth Massachusetts (Colored) Regiment: On the Rebel Works at Fort Wagner, Morris Island near Charleston, July 18th 1863, and death of Colonel Robt. G. Shaw.”

Elizabeth M. Tissot

Church and State

Religion During Reconstruction

Artist: Thomas Nast
Date: 25 February 1871
Source: ARTstor

This picture depicts the efforts of religious groups to gain a strong footing in the newly formed union because it was their opportunity to be more established while the Union was reforming itself.

Kaitlin Seligson
Week 8