The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears

This piece of art relates to lecture because it depicts the Trail of Tears and Indian Removal in the nineteenth century. After Andrew Jackson’s administration passed the Indian Removal Act, thousands of Indian families were obliged to move west, what is now known as Oklahoma territory. Death took a toll as many suffered from starvation, illness/disease and fatigue.


White and Colored Slaves, 1864

White and Colored Slaves, 1864

This image can relate to “Proud Shoes” by Murray because it depicts an image of Mulattos. In “Proud Shoes” there was a period in time where Mulattos were abundant in the system of slavery. Interracial marriages , and thus, families amongst slaves were very common in the nineteenth century.

The Watch as a Growth of Industry

The Watch as a Growth of Industry

Source: Artstor

Date: July 9, 1870

This image shows the mass production that occurred during the 19th Century. This shows the modernization of America as big industries and corporations expanded successfully, while smaller companies and artisans lost business. Along with the mass production of watches, the factories used the help of railroads to send them across the country.

Wounded Knee

Wounded Knee

Native Americans wanted to maintain their tribal identity. A religious revitalization campaign started in which they would do the ghost dance. The government feared an uprising so they sent troops to an encampment. The troops opened fire, killing around 200 Indians.

Connellsville Coke

Connellsville Coke

James S. Devilin
After the Civil War, coal mining and coke production became really popular because of steel production for railroads. Coke is a type of fuel made by burning coal. Most coke ovens were in Pennsylvania and many were owned by Andrew Carnegie as part of his steel company. Coal and coke needed to be shipped to steel manufacturers, and this resulted in more railroad lines.

The Reason of the Indian Outbreak

The Reason of the Indian Outbreak

Author: Unknown
Date: December 20, 1890
Source: ARTstor

As a result of the new industrial revolution, Americans wanted to expand and take over Native American lands. They tried to justify their actions by offering to pay for their land and not take it by force. However, they always found a way to cut the Native Americans short. The Native Americans ended up selling their land, and getting less land that was poorer in quality than their previous lands. Their unhappiness over their current situation caused them to act out and fight for what they believed what was rightfully theirs.
-Tarra Ghaffari